Free PMP Sample Questions and Answers
In order to achieve your goal and receive the Project Management Professional (PMP) certificate, you must take the exam. If you are here you understand and have met the requirements of either 5 years minimum experience with at least a High School Degree, or 3 years’ experience with a bachelor’s degree.
PMP Certification Requirements Table:
35 Contact Hours Requirements
Secondary Degree (High School etc.)
5+ Years (60 months)
Four-Year Degree (BSc, BA, etc.)
3+ Years (36 months)
By this point you should have scheduled if not taken your 35 contact hours of focused training and hopefully come up with a study plan to prepare you for the next step, sitting for the exam.
To prepare for that step, you need to understand that practice makes passing. Every quiz you take, every exam simulation you complete, your knowledge increases. Each percentage point above 70% gives you another boost of confidence.
Beware that all PMP questions and answers you find on the internet aren’t all based on the PMBOK. Make sure that you are studying questions and answers that are up to date.
The Project Management Professional, or PMP is the certificate awarded to project management professionals that have completed the qualifications and passed the exam administered by PMI, the Project Management Institute. Throughout a variety of industries and companies, project management plays a key role in obtaining contracts, completing assignments, and serving their industry. Project management roles can take on projects of many scales, from a small app to be created for an online retailer, or a major construction project that can lead into the billions. Project managers must be knowledgeable, ethical, experienced, and flexible. Each industry is constantly evolving and knowing where that particular field is heading is an important part of planning.
Project managers with PMP certification demonstrate the ability and the vision to provide companies with the work required to get the job done.
Take notes as you take the exams to provide yourself with points that need to be studied further, and remember to keep track of the knowledge you think you have down pat.
Having a good study partner is always a benefit. Someone that can ask you questions randomly and ask you to explain the answers can be a big help in your preparation to sit for the exam.
Below are 11 exam questions for you to study. In order to get the full benefit of any sample questions and answers you use, we recommend writing the questions and your answers down before checking your answers against the key. This will allow you to determine which questions and knowledge areas you need to focus on between now and the exam.
PMP Exam Questions #1
The primary purpose of Project Management Plan development is to—
a. Create a document to guide project execution and control
b. Document project assumptions and constraints
c. Promote communication among stakeholders
d. Define key project reports
PMP Exam Questions #2
Jan started her project in February with a project staff of 15 people, besides herself, three of whom also served as project management team members. By June, four more people had begun working on the project. How many more people and communication channels were on her team in June?
a. There were three more people on her team and 190 additional communication channels.
b. There were four more people and 120 additional communication channels.
c. There were three more people on her team and 70 additional communication channels.
d. There were four additional people on the team and 70 more communication channels.
PMP Exam Questions #3
A 12 month project has a budget at complete of $100,000. At month eight, actual costs were $104,000. What is the project status?
a. In trouble, since more was spent than was budgeted
b. Doing okay so far, since less was spent than was budgeted
c. There is not enough information to determine the status
d. Over budget and behind schedule
PMP Exam Questions #4
Force Majeure is a term derived from insurance law meaning .
a. Superior or irresistible force, such as lightning, earthquakes, storms, or floods.
b. Any party to a contract can redress alleged illegalities through any U.S. District Court.
c. The buyer can seek damages from the seller due to major contract breaches.
d. The seller neglected to exercise due care in performance and is thus subject to a breach of contract action.
PMP Exam Questions #5
While reviewing the estimates from the functional managers assigned to your project you discover that one cost estimate is clearly higher than those submitted for previous projects. You should—
a. Reject the estimate and remove the functional manager from the project
b. Request the supporting details for the estimate to ensure it has been properly prepared.
c. Accept the estimate and plan to use the additional funding as a reserve.
d. Question each functional manager for information about this estimate.
PMP Exam Questions #6
The 80/20 rule, also known as the Pareto Principle, is best described by which one of the following statements?
a. 80% of the problems in quality can be ascribed to management and 20% to the employees.
b. 80% of the cost of a product or service is in 20 % of the materials or labor required.
c. Eighty percent of all causes lead to 20% of all problems.
d. Many problems, perhaps as high as 80% of all problems, are generated by or result in a comparatively small number of causes, perhaps 20%.
PMP Exam Questions #7
Herzberg’s theory of motivation holds that if motivators such as achievement, recognition, and responsibility are not present, employees will _.
a. Become disillusioned and look for other employment.
b. Lack motivation but still work well.
c. Lack motivation and become dissatisfied with their work.
d. Use the workplace as a means to extend their social life.
PMP Exam Questions #8
If a risk event has a 90 percent chance of occurring and the impact will be $10,000, what does $9,000 represent?
a. Risk value
b. Expected value
c. Real value
d. Contingency budget
PMP Exam Questions #9
PERT is an estimating tool that—
a. Takes into consideration risk as an element of the estimate
b. Can only be used for estimating level of effort
c. Can only be used in the precedence diagram method.
d. Uses only historical estimates to calculate standard deviations
PMP Exam Questions #10
A WBS is a product-oriented “family tree” of project components. Each item in the WBS is generally assigned a unique identifier. These identifiers are known collectively as the .
a. Chart of Accounts.
b. Code of Accounts.
c. Work Package control numbers.
d. WBS ID numbers.
PMP Exam Questions #11
There are five levels of stakeholder engagement. What are they?
a. Unaware, Resistant, Neutral, Supportive, Influencing
b. Aware, Resistant, Neutral, Supportive, Leading
c. Unaware, Resistant, Neutral, Supportive, Leading
d. Aware, Resistant, Interested, Supportive, Leadinga
PMP Example Questions Answers & Rationales
Answer for Question 1
A is the correct answer: Assumptions and complaints, answer B, are separate sheets prepared in the planning stage but are not primary to the Project Management Plan itself. Likewise, answers C and D, communication among stakeholders and defining the key project reports, while done in the planning stage aren’t part of the report. The primary purpose of the Project Management Plan is to create the document that will guide the project throughout the lifecycle.
Answer for Question 2
D is the correct answer: In order to come up with answer D you must use the Communication Channel calculation, n(n-1)/2, n equalling the number of stakeholders and team members. Based on the calculator, As of January, Jan had 16(15)/2= 120 channels. By calculating the number of channels, factoring in the number of people added between January and June, 20(19)/2 = 190 and subtracting the previous channels, (190): 190 – 120 = 70, four additional people adds 70 communications channels. Answer A factors in the wrong amount of people as well as an incorrect number of channels. Answer B, comes up with the incorrect number of channels and answer C starts with the wrong amount of additional people.
Answer for Question 3
A is the Correct Answer: Answer B is incorrect because at less than 1 year the costs have overrun the complete budget. Answer C is incorrect because the data is available and there is enough information to determine the status, and answer D isn’t valid because the project schedule was 12 months and only 8 months has passed so at this point we can’t determine if it is behind schedule with the amount of information we have. Answer A is correct because the current costs have exceeded the amount budgeted.
Answer for Question 4
A is the Correct Answer: Answer B refers to contract law, in particular it is often used when trying to prove that a contract is illegal. Answer C is also used in contract law as well and is the opposite of buyer beware giving buyers the ability to challenge a contract. Answer D also allows the buyer in a contract situation to consider the contract broken when the seller has been neglectful in the product or service delivery. Answer A, the correct answer, lets the buyer or contractee know that in cases of damage or delivery of goods or services beyond their control, such as a hurricane or a riot, the seller or contractor is not liable.
Answer for Question 5
B is the correct answer: Answer A would assume that no changes have occurred since the previous projects. Many factors could be present to increase the estimate, economical, governmental, environmental, etc. Answer C isn’t correct because as a project manager you need to know the determining factors in order to assess the costs and anticipate risks. Answer D puts you in the wrong light with the team. Requesting the documentation, Answer B, allows you to respect the team and their decision, while gathering the information for the current project as well as factors which may impact future projects.
Answer for Question 6
D is the correct answer: The 80/20 rule, or the The Pareto Principle had its origins in economics. Pareto found that 80% of the property in Italy was owned by only 20% of the population. While not mentioned in the PMBOK the question is often part of the exam. The Pareto Principle, as applied to project management, stands for 20% of situations cause up to 80% of the problems. Subsequently, 20% of your work can lead to 80% output with diligence and focus.
Answer for Question 7
C is the correct answer: Hygiene factors such as company policy, supervision, work conditions as well as Motivators, such as responsibility, involvement in decision making, and challenging work, are the two keys to Herzberg’s theory of motivation. Project managers recognize that if both sets of factors aren’t present answer A, disillusionment and loss of employees may occur. Likewise, answers b and d don’t address the question because generally team members won’t work well and an extension of their social life isn’t part of the theory. Answer C shows the lack of motivators alone, and will end with individuals becoming dissatisfied with their work.
Answer for Question 8
B is the correct answer. In order to calculate the Expected Monetary Value (EMV), which is: EMV = Probability x Impact, for this problem EMV = 0.9 x $10,000. This leaves B as the only answer to be mathematically possible.
Answer for Question 9
A is the correct answer: Project Evaluation Review Technique or PERT “is used to identify the time it takes to finish a particular task or activity”. Answers B, C, and D, are incorrect as they don’t stand alone in Project Evaluation Review Technique.
Answer for Questions 10
B is the correct answer: The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) breaks down the items into a code of accounts, a unique lettering or numbering system that allows the project team to break down the project into smaller tasks. The chart of accounts, answer A, is for the costs and finances of the project. Answer C, are the numbers that reference the activities within the tasks. Answer D, is usually used when organizing tasks and activities within the WBS. While similar, the code of accounts is the definition of identifiers in the WBS.
Answer for Question 11
C is the correct answer:
- Unaware – The stakeholder doesn’t even know the project exists
- Resistant – The stakeholder doesn’t want to go along with the project
- Neutral – Stakeholders that just go along to get along
- Supportive – Helpful stakeholders that want the project to succeed
- Leading – Stakeholders that want success and are all in to guarantee it.
PMI has created one of the most prestigious, reputable, globally accepted and expected certifications for project managers. Some countries or industries may prefer a different certificate, such as Prince2, but in the United States, PMP is generally the standard.
You have met the requirements you need to sit for the exam. The best way to prepare for PMP certification requires time as well as money but preparing for the exam is actually a first step in project management, planning.
Take the time to study the questions and answers. If you have been through Brain Sensei’s PMP training, there are a variety of base knowledge assessments as well as the exam simulator.
Remember to source questions and answers through viable sources and begin your study as soon as possible so that when your scheduled date for the exam comes, you can become the next Project Management Professional.